Extractions in Dentistry
Extraction in dentistry refers to the removal of a tooth from its root. Different reasons could inform an extraction. It can either be under the recommendation of a family dentist in Arlington or the preference of a patient. For a tooth to be extracted, it has to be:
- Extremely decayed – when the decaying of a tooth is severe, the tooth cannot be saved. The worst part is that extreme decay comes with other dental conditions, including bad breath, abscess build-up, inflamed gum tissue, and severe pain. In this case, extraction is recommended by the dentist. It is the best strategy to alleviate the pain and treat all the affiliate dental conditions.
- For crowded teeth – teeth are supposed to grow in a certain way once the baby teeth are lost. However, it does not happen the same for everyone. The shape and size of teeth differ. If a patient’s jaw is not big enough to accommodate all the teeth in a straight alignment, then it results in crowded teeth. A dentist will refer you to tooth extractions in Arlington, VA if you have such a situation. Usually, one or two teeth are removed to create room for the other teeth to align properly. This procedure is mostly under cosmetic dentistry. The treatment is referred to as orthodontia, which deals with the proper alignment of teeth.
- Periodontal disease is otherwise known as gum disease. The initial stages of gum disease may not necessitate the removal of a tooth. However, with advancement, it can get so severe that losing a tooth is not an option. Many times a severe case of periodontal disease causes bone and loss alongside soft tissue damage. The loss of the bone structure in the affected area can cause teeth to weaken from the root and fall off. In such a case, more than one tooth can be removed.
- Upon request of the patient – some patients does not mind losing their natural teeth. If the tooth is broken, decayed, or unpleasant, they can request for its removal. Upon advisement by a dentist, a patient can be granted their request.
The Different Types of Tooth Extraction
Simple extraction – this process does not involve any surgery. For most patients, it is performed when they are fully awake. The dentist uses special dental forceps to shake the target tooth from its socket to loosen it, then dislodges it from its root. This is a simple procedure that only takes a few minutes to perform.
Surgical extraction – this type of extraction is a surgical procedure that takes a little longer to perform. It is performed on teeth that are not clearly visible on the outside. Such teeth can be hiding beneath gum tissue, and therefore hard to pull out through simple extraction. In this case, the dentist will cut away gum and bone tissue that is covering the tooth. This will allow visibility to the tooth. With dental forceps, he/she will then grasp the tooth. The process continues with gently shaking the tooth back and forth to loosen it from the jawbone.
What to Expect With Tooth Extraction
Extractions in dentistry require ample preparation. Before you visit your dentist for the procedure, here are a couple of things you should expect of the treatment:
- An oral surgeon might perform the procedure – it is not always that a dentist will extract a tooth. Sometimes, an oral surgeon can do it. Therefore, do not freak out when you see a surgeon instead of a regular dentist.
- Local anesthesia is necessary – unless in unique situations, local anesthesia is used to help reduce the pain and discomfort that comes with the procedure. However, if you have a severe dental condition that requires more time working on, your dentist might sedate you with general anesthesia. This will keep you asleep throughout the procedure.
- Slight bleeding – after extraction, some bleeding is expected. Your doctor will place gauze on the affected area to help control the bleeding. It should, however, not be heavy bleeding.
- Pain – once the numbness from the anesthesia wears off, you may experience some pain and discomfort. Your dentist may prescribe some medication to help cope with the pain.
- Inflammation – as a response of the immune system, the affected area will swell. The swelling might cut across the surrounding tissue, as well as the cheek of the affected side. This, luckily, wears off after a few days.