What to Know About Bone Grafts?

What to Know About Bone Grafts?

The bone graft acts as a filler for the new bone growth. Bone grafting in Arlington can be recommended for many reasons such as spinal fusion, infections, or fractures.

Uses

You may need a bone graft if the body is not able to produce enough new bone in certain situations. Bone grafts can help in the treatment of:

  • Fractures that don’t heal properly
  • Bone defects
  • Infection
  • Trauma
  • Injuries
  • Osteonecrosis
  • Benign tumors
  • Birth abnormalities
  • Joint issues
  • Benign tumors
  • Smoking
  • Old age
  • Diabetes
  • Suppressed immune system

Types

The bone grafts done in VA 2223 can be biological or synthetic. The substitutes must have several specific properties to be suitable for bone grafts.

Biological Substitutes

There are two sources of biological grafts: Autografts where the surgeon uses a bone from a person’s own body and allograft, where surgeons take bone from a deceased donor. The biological substitutes are:

  • De-mineralized bone matrix
  • Platelet-rich plasma
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Corals

Synthetic Substitutes

As the name suggests, these are the man-made substitutes for bone grafting. The synthetic substitutes are as follows:

  1. Calcium sulfate
  2. Tricalcium phosphate (TCP) ceramics
  3. Bioactive glasses
  4. Polymer-based substitutes

Procedure

The patient is usually under general anesthetic and the surgeon near Arlington will make an incision and place the bone substitution in the damaged area. Traditional tools and supports can be used for keeping the graft in place. Then the wound will be closed with stitches and the dentist near VA will monitor the person for several hours after the procedure.

Risks

  • Nerve injury
  • Chronic pain
  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Decreased mobility
  • Cosmetic defects
  • Failure of graft to accomplish its goal

Recovery

The recovery process depends on the type of surgery, person’s age, and physical as well as overall health. The duration can be between 2 weeks to 2 months. The surgeon will offer in-depth instructions for recovery along with some pain medications. A healthy diet is a must for recovery. Smoking is a big NO during this phase. Some people may have a drain in their wound after the surgery and doctor will provide instructions on how to look after it.

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